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How to baby proof your home

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How to baby proof your home

Once your baby starts becoming mobile, it’s time to think about making sure your home is safe.

There's a wide range of safety equipment available which can help make your home a safer place for babies and small children, and a little common sense and planning will help to both protect your child from danger in the home and prevent them from damaging furniture and equipment.

No matter how many toys your baby may have on tap, there is nothing as tempting as those adult objects which he sees you using every day. Mobile phones, remote controls, televisions, kitchen equipment and pens and paper are all highly intriguing to small children, so be sure to keep anything that may be dangerous, or easily ruined by prying fingers, drooling or chewing, out of reach.

You may need to re-think how you organise your household storage – for example, medicines will need to be stored in a cupboard which is out of reach of your child, or securely locked, and you may want to erect a barrier or gate in front of the TV, stereo or video equipment.

Remember too that small and seemingly innocuous objects such as pen lids, paper clips or letter openers can be just as dangerous to babies and small children as knives and electrical sockets. If you have visitors to your home, try and keep handbags etc out of your baby's reach as little fingers will enjoy investigating these new arrivals and examining their contents.

General home safety equipment

Baby gates

These safety gates can be fitted across the entrance to places in the home where you don’t want your child to go, such as the top or bottom of stairs, or in the doorway of your home office. There are different types available – some are like wooden gates, others are made of tough fabric and can be rolled and unrolled when necessary.

When buying gates, check that the release mechanism is easy and straightforward to use – some gates are incredibly difficult to open and shut, or may require two hands to do so. You should also measure the width of the doorway or area you need to cover and check that the gate you buy will fit it – some gates can be extended, others are a fixed width.

Portable travel gates are also available and can be very useful when visiting friends and family.


We strongly recommend that you invest in a simple fire guard to fit across your fireplace, be it an open, electrical or gas fire. Never put objects above the fireplace which your child might want to reach.

Electrical socket covers

Electrical sockets are just too tempting for babies, so investing in a few of these simple plastic covers is a good idea. They can be easily removed if necessary and then re-fitted.

Electrical cable tidy

These simple tubes are available from most electrical retailers and keep electrical leads together, concealed and tucked out of the way. If you have tall lamps, make sure they're firmly wedged behind furniture so that your baby can't pull them down on top of himself.

Window locks

These locks stop windows being opened by more than a small amount. However, you should never allow your children to play around windows, even if they are closed since they can be hurt if they fall through the glass of a closed window.

Door slam protector

A simple plastic pad that fits around the edges of doors to prevent them from closing fully and trapping fingers.

Corner guards

These plastic pads can be fitted over any sharp corners in the home to prevent your baby from hitting their head.

Pet supplies

Remember to keep pets’ food, water and litter trays out of reach. Nets are available to put over prams and cots to prevent cats from climbing in.

Non-slip rug grip

Place non-slip rug grip under any mats which slide about on the floor.

Baby proofing your kitchen

Cupboard and drawer locks

Fit locks to prevent your child from opening drawers and cupboards containing dangerous items such as bleaches or detergents, or from opening appliances. Alternatively, you may simply want to consider moving dangerous items to cupboards which are out of reach.

Cooker guards

A cooker guard is a plastic panel which fits in front of the hob to prevent your child from grabbing hot pans or fiddling with the controls.

Baby proofing your bathroom 

The bathroom can be a hazardous place for children, and you may want to consider fitting a latch which will enable you to keep the door closed when you’re not using the bathroom.

Non-slip bathmat

a mat which attaches with suckers to the bottom of the bath and prevents your child from slipping while in the water or getting in and out of the bath.

Medicine cupboard lock

Always ensure that any medicines are stored either in a cupboard out of your child’s reach or in a securely locked cabinet.

Safety tap covers

These are inflatable covers which fit over taps, preventing your child from bumping or scalding themselves.

Never leave your child alone in the bath — even for a couple of minutes. Ignore the phone if it rings — they'll call back if they really need to talk to you; and if the doorbell sounds and you want to answer it, wrap your child up in a towel and bring them with you.


Harriet Fox

Harriet is a Parenting Coach and the author of several books about parenting. She draws on her own experience as a mother as well as the latest research in child psychology to provide effective child raising advice and tips.

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